Padma Shri Dr Nityanand (1925-2024), the scientist par excellence and a legendary determine on the Indian drug analysis scene who gave India its first non-steroidal oral contraceptive, will proceed to encourage scientists internationally by his knack for doing extra for his nation and the mankind.
He used to work in his office-cum-bedroom even earlier than falling sick for one final time. Other than his scientific excellence, his love for Lucknow can also be well-known.
Even in his a centesimal yr, his dedication to do extra for India remained undiminished as his scientific accomplishments stay alive in the hearts of his college students and scientists he mentored earlier than abandoning a shocked scientific neighborhood right here on Saturday.
“To develop into a scientist, it’s a should to know Dr Nityanand whose life revolved round science. He gave 6 or 7 hours day by day to studying and dialogue on science even until his final days. And what would encourage most the younger scientists was the truth that regardless of acquiring levels in chemistry, he didn’t restrict himself to the topic,” stated Dr Alok Dhawan, director of Centre for Biomedical Analysis, one of many many establishments that Dr Nityanand gave idea for. The idea of Nationwide Institute of Pharmaceutical Schooling and Analysis or NIPER was additionally that of Dr Nityanand.
“Most of his skilled and private life was spent in Lucknow. He was identified world over however he stayed in Lucknow for majority of his life,” stated Dr Dhawan.
“There are a number of house grown administrators of prime scientific institutes who have labored with and realized from Dr Nityanand. One incident I’ll share the place he organised a celebration and cake slicing for 3 administrators who had joined three premier scientific institutes and all of them had labored with him,” he added.
Household of Dr Dhawan and Dr Nityanand knew one another since 1967. Dr Nityanand, who is credited with serving to crores of households in India to comply with the “hum do hamare do” idea, would flips the pages of scientific journals and evaluation them virtually day by day in his bedroom-cum-office.
Over 100 books and journals have been on shelf that he personally chosen and will decide them immediately when required. He labored in microbiology lab for a yr simply to grasp micro organism as a result of he later needed to work on anti-biotics.
“You’ll be able to name him father of Indian pharmaceutical business for his contribution in the sphere of medicinal chemistry. It’s because in any respect massive pharma firms you will see that prime bosses who have both labored with Dr Nityanand or realized from him as his college students,” stated Dr PK Srivastava, a retired scientist who joined Central Drug Analysis Institute (CDRI) in 1981 when Dr Nityanand was the director (1974-84) there.
A scientist par excellence, the person thought in 360-degrees. Not nearly discovery of recent medicine however a authorities coverage on it for simple acceptability and implementation, and business readiness to offer the drug at reasonably priced value to frequent man was what made Dr Nityanand completely different from different scientists.
Born at Lyallpur (now Faislabad in Pakistan) on January 1, 1925, Dr Nityanand noticed the Partition intently. He needed to fly to Lyallpur from Mumbai to hurry his household to India. “The nation was simply beginning and we had realised what pharmaceutical science can do for the nation,” Dr Nityanand had advised in certainly one of his interviews to HT in January 2023.
He went to Cambridge for his second PhD to know extra about organic science however got here again to India and joined CDRI quickly after it began and labored as its director additionally.
He has revealed round 400 analysis papers, collectively authored two books on “Artwork in Natural Synthesis”, written round 30 chapters for normal textual content books and edited two books on parasitic ailments.
He was instrumental in round 150 nationwide and worldwide patents. He additionally performed a serious function in authorities science coverage points for improvement of pharmaceutical business in India. He had been a guide to WHO on tropical ailments and replica and chairman of the steering committee for chemotherapy of malaria for WHO.
On behalf of UNCTAD & UNIDO, he was additionally an advisor/guide for the pharmaceutical institutes and business of many growing international locations.
Regardless of his worldwide recognition, Dr Nityanand by no means considered settling in every other place than India. “His ideas for India and its folks at all times pre-occupied him,” stated Dr Srivastava, who provides credit score to Dr Nityanand for serving to him innovate ‘science-toon’–a solution to clarify science through cartoon.
“Indians must be dedicated to India’s social setting. We should always focus upon ailments that are of better significance for the nation,” the scientist, whose contribution to the expansion and improvement of the CDRI is exceptional, had as soon as stated.
He felt the necessity was to focus extra upon virology, immunology, medical mycology (research of fungus an infection) as this may pave the best way for extra preventive medicine. Prevention is at all times higher than therapy, he believed.
Centchroman was developed by him in 1981 and he was in contact with a number of scientists and researchers for its used in varied ailment. He thought and was engaged on the idea of a ‘surprise drug’ in India as this compound was discovered helpful for a number of persistent illnesses, together with breast and cervical most cancers. A analysis paper in China talked about ‘Centchroman’ as one of many best contraceptive discoveries of the world accomplished in India.
Dr Nityanand is survived by three youngsters. One in all them is Prof Soniya Nityanand, the vice chancellor of the King George’s Medical College, Lucknow, and two sons who are settled overseas.